When to go to Canada
Canada has a dry continental climate with warm summers and cold winters, influenced by latitude, elevation and ocean proximity.
Summer - June to August
In British Columbia, summers are relatively dry and sunny with warm temperatures, but the interior is hot in July and August, with temperatures surpassing 30°C. In Alberta, summers tend to be warm and dry, with the warmest months being July and August. In the Arctic, summers can be warmer with t-shirt conditions during July and August although night temperatures still drop below zero. Ontario and Quebec experience hot and dry summers.
Autumn - September to November
Autumns are often quite mild and pleasant in BC, and also the best months for bear watching. Rainfall can be heavy. Autumn is a crisper version of summer, and means hiking season and fall foliage in the National Parks. Evenings can be chilly so layers are a good idea. Toronto is truly sublime in the fall. The climate is brisk but temperate, the skies are sunny, the city parks are a riot of colour, and the cultural scene is in full swing.
Winter - December to February
Winters are mild in Vancouver and Victoria, with only brief snowfalls. In Alberta, winters can get cold, when the temperature can plummet to a bone-chilling -20°C. In Newfoundland, winter comes with generous amounts of fresh powder. Ontario and Quebec experience cold winters with considerable amount of snow.
Spring - March to May
In British Columbia, springs are often quite mild and pleasant but the rainfall can be heavy. In Alberta, the weather starts to warm up, but snowfall can still occur. Visiting Newfoundland in spring means dressing in warm layers, and preparing for a shower or two. Spring in Ontario and Quebec brings beautiful colours, dramatically reduced prices and thinner crowds.