Part of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, Mount Bromo is one of Indonesia’s most iconic volcanoes owing to its stunningly beautiful and somewhat eerie setting. It attracts people from all over the world, who come to climb the dusty volcanic slopes, to marvel at the views and to experience the dramatic landscape.
Set against a backdrop of grey cinder cones, Mount Bromo sits puffing white plumes of wispy smoke from deep within its misty crater. This active volcano is found in East Java, around a four-hour drive from Surabaya, 40-kilometres from the north coast town of Probolinggo and due east of Malang. It forms part of the Tengger Massif, along with Semeru, Batok and Widodaren volcanoes, which all sit on a plain known as the Sea of Sand within the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park.
At just 2,329-metres tall, Bromo is not the tallest mountain in Indonesia, but its extraordinary other-worldly setting of smoking cones rising from a sea of black sands, have made Mount Bromo the most visited and climbed volcano in Indonesia. The term Bromo derives from the Javanese pronunciation of the word Brahma, the Hindu god creator and the mountain has a special significance for the Tengger people, who believe that it is the place where a courageous prince sacrificed his life to save his family. During the annual Kasada festival, the people continue to appease the gods by throwing offerings of chickens, vegetables and money into the volcano’s crater.
The best viewpoint for watching the sunrise over Mount Bromo is from Mount Penanjakan. Once the sun is up, you can then cross the Sea of Sand to climb up to Bromo’s crater rim, for more magnificent views.